Peace and Prosperity

Despite all of Vespasian’s images of military success and victory, he brought peace and prosperity to the empire after a period a complete civil unrest. Vespasian included such symbolism of Peace and Prosperity in his coinage to commemorate his success as emperor:

Peace
Vespasian Sestertius, 71 AD, IMP CAES VESPAS AVG P M TR P P P COS III / PAX AVGVSTI S-C

The reverse of this coin shows the personification of Peace, Pax, holding both an olive branch and a cornucopia. While Pax and the olive branch act as symbols of peace, the cornucopia represents prosperity. Thus, Vespasian is claiming that through his reign, he has brought both peace and prosperity to the empire.

Vespasian Denarius, IMP CAES VESPAS AVG / CONCORDIA AVG
Vespasian Denarius, IMP CAES VESPAS AVG / CONCORDIA AVG

As further indications of this theme of peace and prosperity, Vespasian minted several coins depicting Conordia, the Roman goddess of harmony. On this particular coin, the inscription can be translated ‘Majestic harmony’ or ‘harmony of the emperors’, and it shows Ceres, the goddess of agriculture, enthroned, holding both poppies and ears of corn in one hand and a cornucopia in the other. All items depicting are symbols of fertility and prosperity, showing that under Vespasian’s reign, Rome has flourished.

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